Saturday, July 4, 2015

Thomas Cresap, my American Revolution Patriot

Today, the Fourth of July, I'm reprising my blog post about Thomas Cresap.  He was quite a guy--can you see yourself living in frontier Maryland?

__________
Thomas Cresap was not a large man; he was stockily built, his muscles were hard, and his great strength was a byword on the frontier.  He was born about 1694 in Skipton, Yorkshire, England and emigrated to America when about 15 years old. 

Thomas Cresap was my 7th great-grandfather.  Continue reading...

Friday, January 23, 2015

Sign on the Dotted Line!

Today, January 23rd, is National Handwriting Day.  The writing instrument manufacturers association created the day to celebrate the lost art of handwriting in the computer age.  I guess there's some merit to their lament since I'm writing this post on my laptop!

When I saw this on GeneaBlogger's "Daze of the Week" it seemed an easy link to family history.  I thought about the writings of my ancestors but alas, there's only one in my files and will be used for another post.

But - I have signatures!  Genealogists love signatures - they provide a unique connection to our ancestors.  Look at the handwriting and imagine him or her signing the document.  The nature of document speaks volumes about their emotions at the time.  Excitement?  Sadness?  My great-great-grandmother's brother attested to her lunacy at her commitment hearing.  That was in 1881 - my oldest signature shown below.  My most recent and only woman's signature was in 1960 when my grandmother applied for membership in the Daughters of the American Revolution.

So, here are my ancestor's signatures, the name of the document and a link to their profile if available.  (Click on image to enlarge)


Alva L. Hutson, 1903,
Application for Homestead, Renville County, North Dakota
My great-grandfather Alva L. Hutson was 24 when he
began homesteading in North Dakota.   


John Earnest Hibsch, 1918,
WWII Draft Registration Card
My great-great uncle "Johnny" was 38 when he registered for the WWII draft. He was in Group C - considered too old to serve.


Cephas Adolph Eisenmann, 1917,
WWI Draft Registration Card
My great-grandfather Cephas A. Eisenmann was 43 when 
he registered for the draft.  He also was considered too old to serve.   


Alba William Hibsch, 1917,
WWI Draft Registration Card
My grandfather Alba William Hibsch went to Camp Stewart, Virginia then shipped out to France and was discharged at Camp Kearny, California.


Mahlon Clark, 1881,
Affidavit of Lunacy of his sister Jane Clark Brown
How difficult was it for Mahlon to testify in court that his sister Jane was insane? 


Ethel Kendall Hibsch, 1960,
Daughters of the American Revolution application
This is the only document I have showing of my grandmother's 
signature with her maiden and married names.

 I think great-grandfather Alva L. Hutson was the happiest as he signed the homestead papers and began farming his own land for what would be nearly 20 years. My great-great-uncle Mahlon Clark's emotions were  probably mixed with sadness and relief.

Wednesday, December 31, 2014

Epilogue - 52 Ancestors in 52 Weeks Challenge

Thank you to Amy John Crow and her blog series "52 Ancestors in 52 Weeks", a challenge on No Story Too Small.  I finished the challenge and learned more about my ancestors than I did before.

I didn't want to end the Challenge with just the 52nd post. Something extra was needed - like a bow on a package, a cherry on top of the sundae.  How about a list befitting the end of the year?  I have two to wrap up 2014:


Top 10 Most-Read Posts 

  1. Mrs. Mary Daulton Clark Identified Using Two Key Resources (#33)
  2. Ethel May Kendall Hibsch, the First Family Historian (#48)
  3. Henry M. Kendall, Orange Juice in his Blood (#47)
  4. John Ernest Hübsch 1838-1909 (#1)
  5. James Hutson Abandoned Family (#4)
  6. Ida May Brown Kendall, My Mystery Woman (#10)
  7. Comings and Goings of Adam Clark, 1842-1926 (#7) 
  8. Thomas Brown, Native of Ohio 1844-1927 (#8)
  9. Jane Clark Brown 1846-1918 (#2)
  10. Cephas A. Eisenman 1874-1946, Lifelong Minnesotan (#9)*

My Top 5 Ancestors**
  1. Ethel M. Kendall Hibsch and Alba W. Hibsch: my grandparents - I just need more time to get to know you and have a Root Beer float.
  2. Jane Clark Brown: why did you really live in an insane asylum most of your life?
  3. John Ernest Hübsch:  tell me about your hometown in Prussia and sailing to America.
  4. Thomas Cresap: how did you survey the wilderness and were you as vile as they said?
  5. Rebecca Cresap Ogle:  tell me about frontier life in Ohio and raising 13 children.
     +1 Alva Leo Hutson: let's talk about homesteading in early 1900s North Dakota over a bowl of  your ice cream.

Thank you for reading  about my ancestors throughout the past year.  I hope you'll continue to read my blog and remember to post a comment about your thoughts.  Much appreciated!


 *resulted in a cousin connection!
**of course I'd like to talk to all of my ancestors but this list includes the ones who especially piqued my curiosity.


Thomas Cresap, Maryland Frontiersman, Pathfinder and Patriot (52 Ancestors #52)

This is the final article for the series "52 Ancestors in 52 Weeks", a challenge by Amy Johnson Crow on No Story Too Small.  I made it!

Thomas Cresap was not a large man; he was stockily built, his muscles were hard, and his great strength was a byword on the frontier.[1] He was born about 1694 in Skipton, Yorkshire, England and emigrated to America when about 15 years old. [2]

Thomas Cresap was my 7th great-grandfather.

Google map showing Skipton in relation to London
[click images to enlarge]

Not much is known about him until he married Hannah Johnson on 30 Apr 1727.  She was the daughter of Daniel Johnson and Frances who also emigrated from England to Maryland as early as 1698.  Daniel and Frances and their six daughters lived on a 100 acre plantation in Lapidum, Harford County, Maryland. [3] 

Thomas and Hannah's children included sons Daniel, Thomas, Robert and Michael, and daughters Sarah and Elizabeth.[4] 

Among his diverse occupations were those of land speculator, French and Indian fighter, army commissary, guide and explorer, Indian agent, cartographer, road builder, politician, fur-trader, planter, and colonial traveler.[5]

Stood His Ground
His infamous tenacity was revealed during one of his many land disputes.  In 1730, Thomas, Hannah and young son Daniel settled on land deeded by Lord Baltimore on the Susquehanna, [possibly  current day Havre de Grace], land that the Pennsylvanians claimed as their own although they had not conducted a survey to determine the actual boundaries between Pennsylvania and Maryland.   He mightily defended the land but to no avail as the house was burned causing his family to seek shelter in a nearby friendly Indian village.  The Penns captured and imprisoned him for a year in Philadelphia.   His captors offered to release him earlier because of his vile behavior but he demanded a trial believing his was a just cause.  Upon order of the King to free prisoners on both sides of the boundary dispute, he agreed to the release.  It was during this period, when he was hauled to jail in chains through the streets of Philadelphia, that the crowd shouted “Maryland Monster”.  The boundary dispute continued for several years and was eventually settled legally in 1750.[6] 

Titles
Lord Baltimore commissioned Thomas Cresap a justice of the peace in the early 1730s.[7]  By 1734, he was made a captain in the Maryland militia.  He was referred to as “Colonel” in court records of 1747 but no official record of appointment has been found.[8]

Cresap’s Fort
His frontier post in Oldtown exemplified Thomas’s keen ability to strategically locate his base of operations.  In 1741 at age 47, he established Skipton, a frontier post at the site of the abandoned Indian village of Shawanese Old Town.  The shortened name Oldtown stuck though and stills exists today.[9]  Here, Col. Cresap built and lived in a stone house, situated on a high hill about one-half of a mile southeast of the town, and within four hundred yards of the Potomac River.  The house had very thick stone walls, and only two rooms, each about twenty feet square.  The building was known in early times as “Cresap’s Fort” and often afforded shelter to the inhabitants of the country for miles around during the forays of the Indians….”  The house also served as a rendezvous for settlers in more peaceful times. [10]  Due to the post’s strategic location near frequently traveled trails, Cresap kept it fully supplied for visitors and traders.

Indians as well stopped on their travels and partook of Thomas’s hospitality with the kettle for which they nicknamed him “Big Spoon”.   He waged war against some Indians yet befriended others.  It was the Indians who sheltered his wife and son after his house was burned and he was imprisoned.  An Indian named Nemacolin became attached to Cresap, took his sons hunting and when migrating south with his tribe, he left his young son with Thomas to raise and educate.[11] 

The treaty between the chiefs of the Six Nations and the Maryland commissioners of 30 Jun 1744 set forth geographic boundaries which included Col. Cresap’s “hunting or trading cabin”.  From the fact that this treaty embraced Cresap’s settlement, and did not include that portion where Fort Cumberland was afterwards located, and that there were no other settlements nearer than the Conococheague, it is evident that Cresap was the first actual settler of Allegany County [Maryland].[12]  

George Washington (yes, that George)
The first meeting of Thomas Cresap and 15 year old George Washington, who was surveying Lord Fairfax’s western lands, was in March 1747.  Washington sheltered at Cresap’s inn for five days due to inclement weather.[13]  Over the years, Washington’s journal cited other visits to Cresap’s establishment in Oldtown. [14]

Ohio Land Company
Thomas Cresap was one of the charter members of the Ohio Land Company.  A land grant from the British government was given in 1749 to a group of Virginians and Marylanders.  They so-named it because their task was to explore and settle a portion of that vast territory draining into the Ohio River.  They were given a grant of five hundred thousand acres of land on the Ohio between the Monongahela and the Kanawha Rivers, of which number two hundred thousand were to be settled immediately.  The grant was made free from quit rent or tax to the Crown on the condition that one hundred families were settled there within seven years.[15]  Cresap’s role in the Ohio Company was to lay out and mark a road from Will’s Creek to the mouth of the Monongahela, the present site of Pittsburg.   He was assisted by a friendly Indian named Nemacolin.[16]  The road has had several names over the years including Gist’s Trace, Nemocolin’s Path, Washington’s Road, [General] Braddock’s Road, and the National Pike.[17] 

Cresap’s Land Holdings
Of all of Thomas’s occupations mentioned earlier, land speculator and surveyor likely brought him his wealth.   Records indicate that he acquired 760 acres from 1739-1743 for Long Meadow; 155 acres in 1742 for Linton; and 160 acres in 1752 for Leeds.[18]

American Revolution 1775-1783
His formation of the Maryland Sons of Liberty in 1765 to suppress the Stamp Act showed his separation from England.  Then, in 1774, he firmly planted himself on the side of the Patriot’s efforts against the British stronghold over the Colonies.  He was 81 at the beginning of the American Revolution.   Not surprisingly, he wasn’t a participant in field operations as was his son Michael Cresap, but became an elected delegate from Frederick County to the Maryland Provincial Convention.  Thomas was named as one of the Committee of Observation and Committee of Safety.  Maryland needed supplies and he was tasked to raise money for arms and ammunition.  And, once again, the Maryland Sons of Liberty organization was activated with Cresap as a prominent promoter.

At the close of the American Revolution, Thomas was about 90.  In his journal entry of 17 May 1785, Major Andrew Endicott, a civil engineer, wrote of his visit with him at Oldtown “…This evening I spent with the celebrated Col. Cresap. He is now more than 100 years old. He lost his eyesight about 18 months past, but his other faculties are yet unimpaired, his sense strong and manly, and his ideas flow with ease."[19]  His will, dated 17 Jan 1784, was 'signed' with his mark instead of his signature which may support the report of blindness.

Frontiersman to be Reckoned With
He had his detractors, mostly Pennsylvanians, who disdained him as profane, incendiary, and a rattlesnake.   His admirers pointed to his achievements and cite circumstances where any man would act likewise to defend life and property.  And again, Indians called him Big Spoon.[20]  Nobody described him as blood-thirsty but more as ambitious for land and settling the west.  His intimate knowledge of the landscape made him more often than not the go-to guy for surveying the vast wilderness.   

Late Life
Hannah died before 1774 according to the Cresap Society.  Thomas may have married a second time, at age 80, to the widow Mrs. Margaret Milburn, but no record of the marriage exists other than the writings of Michael Cresap’s biographer, John J. Jacob.  Thomas died in 1790.

Grave of Thomas Cresap at Oldtown, Allegany, Maryland
Source: Find-a-Grave.com

Thomas Cresap lived in a time of remarkable history of colonial America.  He arrived in America poor but amassed wealth through strategic land purchases.  He became a chief agent for land speculation for the British yet turned his allegiance to America when tightening British rule intruded on his own ambitions.

My Lineage[21]
My Grandma Ethel joined the Daughters of the American Revolution.  Should I?

Thomas Cresap, 1694-1790
 Married 1727 to Hannah Johnson 1705-abt 1774
  Son Daniel Cresap, 1728-1798
   Married (second) 1750 to Ruth Swearingen, 1728-
    Daughter Mary Cresap, 1760-1838
     Married 1777 to William Ogle, 1751-1810
      Daughter Rebecca Cresap Ogle, 1786-1860
       Married 1804 to Stephen Clark, 1770-
        Son BenjaminDaniel Clark, 1815-1895
         Married (first) 1836 to Hannah Carrigan, 1815-1854
          Daughter Jane Clark, 1846-1918
           Married 1866 to Thomas Brown, 1843-1927
            Daughter Ida May Brown, 1868-1955
             Married Henry Martin Kendall, 1864-1937
              Daughter Ethel May Kendall, 1899-1988
               Married Alba William Hibsch, 1896-1959
                Son Robert Martin Hibsch, 1923-2014
                 Married 1946 to Betty Evelyn Hutson, 1926=2000
                  Daughter Denise Hibsch Richmond, me

Future Research
  • Profile  my direct line of descendants of Thomas Cresap
  • Read the dozens of biographies and books that include Thomas Cresap 


Sources
[1] Bailey, Kenneth P. Thomas Cresap, Maryland Frontiersman. Boston, Mass: Christopher Pub. House, 1944. Pg 25. Database: WorldCat. Online view: HathiTrust Digital Library. Copyright:  Public Domain, Google-Digitized.
[2] Cresap, Joseph Ord, 1883-1961. The History of the Cresaps. McComb, Miss.: Cresap Society, 1937. Pg 31. Database: WorldCat. Online view: HathiTrust Digital Library. Copyright:  Public Domain, Google-Digitized.
[3] Ibid Pg 19.
[4] Scharf, John Thomas. 2003. History of Western Maryland: Being a History of Frederick, Montgomery, Carroll, Washington, Allegany, and Garrett Counties from the Earliest Period to the Present Day, Including Biographical Sketches of Their Representative Men. Page 76. Genealogical Publishing Com.
[5] Bailey, Kenneth P. Thomas Cresap, Maryland Frontiersman. Boston, Mass: Christopher Pub. House, 1944. Pg 22. Database: WorldCat. Online view: HathiTrust Digital Library. Copyright:  Public Domain, Google-Digitized.
[6] Cresap, Joseph Ord, 1883-1961. The History of the Cresaps. McComb, Miss.: Cresap Society, 1937. Pg 71-73 {Title No. 547866; Book Call No. 929.273 C863c 1987} Digitized by FamilySearch Intl. http://www.familysearch.org/.
[7] Ibid, page 45.
[8] Ibid, page 483.
[9] Scharf, John Thomas. History of Western Maryland: Being a History of Frederick, Montgomery, Carroll, Washington, Allegany, and Garrett Counties from the Earliest Period to the Present Day, Including Biographical Sketches of Their Representative Men. Vol 1. Genealogical Publishing Com, 2003. Pg 1458. Print.
[10] Ibid, page 93.
[11] Cresap, Joseph Ord, 1883-1961. The History of the Cresaps. McComb, Miss.: Cresap Society, 1937. Pg 114. {Title No. 547866; Book Call No. 929.273 C863c 1987} Digitized: FamilySearch Intl.  http://www.familysearch.org/.
[12] Scharf, John Thomas. History of Western Maryland: Being a History of Frederick, Montgomery, Carroll, Washington, Allegany, and Garrett Counties from the Earliest Period to the Present Day, Including Biographical Sketches of Their Representative Men. Vol 1. Genealogical Publishing Com, 2003. Pg 1458. Print.
[13] Cresap, Joseph Ord, 1883-1961. The History of the Cresaps. McComb, Miss.: Cresap Society, 1937. Pg 13; 87. {Title No. 547866; Book Call No. 929.273 C863c 1987} Digitized: FamilySearch Intl. http://www.familysearch.org/.
[14] Bailey, Kenneth P. Thomas Cresap, Maryland Frontiersman. Boston, Mass: Christopher Pub. House, 1944. Pg 67-68. Database: WorldCat. Online view: HathiTrust Digital Library. Google-Digitized.
[15] Cresap, Joseph Ord, 1883-1961. The History of the Cresaps. McComb, Miss.: Cresap Society, 1937. Pg 89. {Title No. 547866; Book Call No. 929.273 C863c 1987} Digitized: FamilySearch Intl.  http://www.familysearch.org/.
[16] Scharf, John Thomas. History of Western Maryland: Being a History of Frederick, Montgomery, Carroll, Washington, Allegany, and Garrett Counties from the Earliest Period to the Present Day, Including Biographical Sketches of Their Representative Men. Vol 1. Genealogical Publishing Com, 2003. Pg 75. Print.
[17] Cresap, Joseph Ord, 1883-1961. The History of the Cresaps. McComb, Miss.: Cresap Society, 1937. Pg 91. {Title No. 547866; Book Call No. 929.273 C863c 1987} Digitized: FamilySearch Intl.  http://www.familysearch.org/.
[18] Ibid, pages 983-985;
[19] Bailey, Kenneth P. Thomas Cresap, Maryland Frontiersman. Boston, Mass: Christopher Pub. House, 1944. Pg 163. Database: WorldCat. Online view: HathiTrust Digital Library. Google-Digitized.
[20] Ibid, pages 178-182.


Friday, December 26, 2014

Rebecca Cresap Ogle Clark, Pioneer of Adams County, Ohio (52 Ancestors #51)

This is another article for the series "52 Ancestors in 52 Weeks", a challenge by Amy Johnson Crow on No Story Too Small.

My 4th great-grandmother, Rebecca Cresap Ogle, was the daughter of William Ogle and Mary Cresap Ogle.  She was born 22 Oct 1786 near Sinking Spring, Brush Creek Township, Adams or Highland County, Ohio. [1]  

Rebecca married Stephen Clark on 12 Jul 1804.[2]  He may have been the first pioneer in the settlement of Flat Run.[3]  Certainly many of my Clark ancestors were buried at Flat Run Cemetery, including Stephen and Rebecca.  Continued research should confirm the relationship of the settlement and the cemetery as well as Sinking Spring.


1804 Marriage of Stephen Clark and Rebecca Cresap Ogle [3]
[click images to enlarge]
Stephen and Rebecca had 13 children:[4]
  • Phoebe Clark 1805-1853
  • Ellen Clark 1807-1865
  • William Clark, died in Missouri
  • Sidney Clark 
  • Margaret Clark 1812-1887
  • Edith Clark  1814-1863
  • Benjamin Daniel Clark 1815-1895 [my 3rd great-grandfather]
  • Drusilla Clark 
  • Emily Clark 1819-1847
  • Fanny Clark 1821- 
  • Miss Clark 
  • Miss Clark 
  • Stephen Clark 1825-1916 

I would consider Rebecca a frontier woman of Adams County.  The region was wilderness in her time, densely forested with no roads.[5]  Rivers, streams and creeks were plentiful.  Deer, elk, buffalo, bears and turkeys were abundant, while the river furnished excellent fish.[6]  Hominy was a good substitute for bread, or parched corn pounded and sifted, then mixed with a little maple sugar and eaten dry; or, mixed with water was a good beverage.   Clothing made from deer skin sufficed.  Deer's hair or oak leaves put into moccasins were worn in place of stockings or socks.  Wearing a linsey shirt or dress made of buffalo wool was top-notch attire.  Wearing a calico dress was considered finely dressed.  The cabins had a door but no windows.  Furniture consisted of stools, and bedsteads made with forks driven into the ground and poles laid on these with the bark of the trees. They rocked their children in a sugar trough or pack-saddle. The cooking utensils consisted of a pot, dutch oven, skillet, frying pan, wooden trays and trenchers. The table was made of a broad slab.[7] 

Rebecca died on 10 Apr 1860 at age 74 at West Union Township, Adams County, Ohio.  Stephen Clark preceded her in death in 1853 near Sinking Spring, Highland County, Ohio.[8]

Grave of Rebecca Cresap Ogle Clark
at Flat Run Cemetery, Adams County, Ohio
Source: Find-a-Grave  

Rebecca lived in the period when America became an official country in 1789.  My existence proves she survived amid many challenges of frontier life, from uncharted land, wild animals, Indians and diseases, maybe even isolation and loneliness save the children.  Oh, to be able to talk to her today.

Future Research
  • Obtain church, tax and probate records
  • Research historical writings of Adams County and locales where she lived
  • Study DAR records
  • Locate descendants of Rebecca and Stephen

Sources


[1] Depending on boundary changes
[2] Birth, marriage and death dates and locations from Ethel M. Kendall Hibsch’s  [my grandmother] approved membership application for the Daughters of the American Revolution (DAR).
[3] Scott, Daniel. 1890. A History of the Early Settlement of Highland County, Ohio. The Gazette.  Page 61. Accessed online version via HathiTrust.
[5] Evans, Nelson Wiley, and Emmons B. Stivers. 1900. A History of Adams County, Ohio: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Including Character Sketches of the Prominent Persons Identified with the First Century of the Country’s Growth ... E B. Stivers. Page 51.
[6] Ibid page 53
[7] Ibid page 54
[8] See Footnote 1


Friday, December 19, 2014

Ida May Brown, the Clarks, Kendalls and Morris County Kansas (52 Ancestors #50)

This is another article for the series "52 Ancestors in 52 Weeks", a challenge by Amy Johnson Crow on No Story Too Small.

Joseph Clark was two years old in the 1850 census[1] enumerated in Franklin Township, Adams County, Ohio.  He lived with his parents, Benjamin Daniel Clark and Hannah Carrigan Clark and seven older brothers and sisters.  He married Anna Maria [Mariah] Smart in 1868 in Highland County, Ohio.[2]  They had two children, Cora Blanche Clark and Ottie Claud Clark.

For 20+ years, the family lived in the Ohio townships of Franklin and Bratton where Joseph was a farmer.  Then, in 1900[3], I found Joseph, Ann [Anna Maria] and Ottie living in Ohio Township, Morris County, Kansas. 

Where?

My Kendall family lived in Morris County, Kansas.

Did my Kendall’s and my Clark’s know each other?

Yes they did.  And there’s more.

Let me rewind and tell the story from the beginning.

While researching the 1880 census for Benjamin Daniel Clark, too many results came back even in the same county.  Solution – search only for Clark, 1880 census and Adams County, Ohio.  Perfect - only eight results – much more manageable.

Found him!  Daniel Clark, as he was recorded, lived in Bratton Township, Adams, Ohio.  Hmm, why move after living in Franklin Township, Adams County, Ohio for so long?  Did other Clarks live in Bratton?  I looked again at the eight names on the results list and selected Joseph Clark, head of household, because Daniel had a son named Joseph born in 1848.

In 1880, Joseph Clerk [Clark], age 31, lived in Bratton Township, Adams County, Ohio.  He was a farmer and his wife Mariah A., age 31, kept house.  They and their parents were born in Ohio.  They had one child, a daughter, Cora Blanch, age 2, born in Ohio.  I was certain he was Daniel’s son based on proximity to Daniel, year of birth and one particular member of the family.

I gasped out loud when I saw her name!

Ida M. Brown, niece, age 10, born in Maryland. 

I couldn't believe my eyes.  Joseph’s niece lived with them.  My great-grandmother.  My mystery woman.

1880 U.S. Federal Census excerpt of Joseph Clark Family with Ida M. Brown
(click images to enlarge)

I've been looking high and low for any paper trail for Ida May Brown prior to her marriage in 1887 to Henry Martin Kendall.  To date, “sideways” searching for her was fruitless but finally, a major crumble in my brick wall for her.  Of course, it didn't help that her birthplace in the 1880 census record was incorrectly transcribed as Maryland instead of Missouri.  Well, the digitized image of the census page wasn't exactly clear but it sure looked more like “MO” than Md” to me.  Her birth date was off by one year, 1870 instead of 1869 but not really a big deal.

As to the previous question – did my Kendall’s and my Clark’s know each other?  Yes, they were neighbors in the 1895, 1900 and 1910 censuses.  In the 1900 census, the Kendall family was Dwelling #25 and the Clark family was Dwelling #32, digital page 3 and page 4.  Joseph Clark, brother of Jane Clark Brown, my second great-grandmother, was a long-time neighbor of James W. Kendall, brother of Henry Martin Kendall, Ida May Brown’s husband and my great-grandfather.

Wow.

1895 Kansas State Census excerpt showing Kendall and Clark Families
1910 U.S. Federal Census excerpt showing Kendall and Clark Families

More research awaits me as these revelations sink in.  For now I’m thinking of the lessons learned from my new discoveries:
  • Use simple Internet searches; less is more
  • Look on the page before and after the census page on which your ancestor appeared
  • Search sideways – children and siblings of your direct ancestor

Gotta go now, it’s time for my Happy Dance.

Future Research
Pending, too busy dancing…

Sources


[1] Year: 1850; Census Place: Franklin, Adams, Ohio; Roll: M432_657; Page: 20A; Image: 44.  Source Information: Ancestry.com.
[2] Jordan Dodd, Liahona Research. Ohio, Marriages, 1803-1900.  Ancestry.com 
[3] Year: 1900; Census Place: Ohio, Morris, Kansas; Roll: 491; Page: 2B; Enumeration District: 0107; FHL microfilm: 1240491. Ancestry.com. Also see James W Kendall on digitized image page 3, Dwelling number 25, Family number 26.